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Q. 12 How can the HIV infection from mother to child be prevented?
Ans. Ø   There is 25-40% chance that an infected pregnant mother would pass on the infection to her child.
Ø   If the couple knows their status, they could decide whether or not to have the child.
Ø   In case couple wants to have the child or it is a should receive information and counseling, and explore the following option.
-          Mother could take the available treatment both for herself and the new born child.
-          Couple could opt for the caesarian delivery instead of the normal delivery.
-          Couple could decide not to breast feed, if it is affordable and discuss options available in consultation with the doctor/counselor.
v   Mother to child transmission of HIV can also be prevented.
v   The couple needs to know the available options and act upon them.