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Q.  How is HIV transmitted ?
Ans. HIV can be transmitted through :-
  • Unprotected sex with an infected person.
  • Transfusion of infected blood or blood products.
  • Sharing of infected needles or syringes; and infected mother to her child during pregnancy, during birth or after delivery through breast milk.
  • These are the only four known routes of HIV transmission. This is because HIV is found in high concentration in blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk.
  • HIV does not spread through social contacts like: shaking hands, sharing equipment, eating from the same utensils, sharing toilets etc.