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Blood Safety

Human blood is an essential element of human life and there are no substitutes. Blood transfusion services occupy a vital space in any National Health Service delivery system. Blood is also a scare resource. The availability of safe and adequate blood saves lives.

If not properly screened, however, blood becomes a conduit for transmitting viral, bacterial and protozoan in sections e.g. hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, Syphilis and Malaria.

Characteristically, two categories of persons need blood transfusion: those with emergent requirements e.g. victims of road accident, civilian and military debacle and those with repeated, frequent and regular requirement e.g. patients with thalassemia, haemophilia, renal dialysis, sever anaemic and cancer patients who must undergo repeated transfusions are at great risk of acquiring transfusion transmitted infections. The only way to protect recipients of blood is to put in place structures, processes and procedures that will ensure access to safe and sufficient blood supply.

As per the WHO guidelines annual requirement of blood units is estimated at around 1% of the total population in developed countries or by the number of hospital beds; taking an average requirement of 7 units per be per annum. On the basis of number of hospital beds the annual requirement for Uttar Pradesh during 2010-11 was 7 lakh units of blood required. Of the total requirement the target was to collect 90% of the blood units through voluntary blood donation, including outreach. Roughly 50% was to be met through the Govt. Blood Banks and the remaining 50% was to be catered by the blood banks established in non-government sector.

External Quality Assurance: (EQAS)
In order to maintain the quality of the laboratory services being provided through ICTCs and Blood Banks, EQAS is followed. EQAS forms an important part of the monitoring component for testing centers

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