Toll Free No.: 1097/1800-180-2500


Home  »  About UPSACS

Monitoring and Surveillance

Surveillance for HIV infection comprises of four broad areas: HIV Sentinel Surveillance, AIDS Case Surveillance, Behavioural Surveillance and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) Surveillance. HIV Surveillance closely monitors and tracks the level, spread and trends of the epidemic as well as the risk behaviours that predispose the growth of epidemic. Inputs from the robust sentinel surveillance system, routine AIDS Case reporting, and periodic behavioural surveillance surveys give direction to the programmatic efforts by showing the impact of the interventions and areas that need focus of different initiatives.

Information, Education and Communication (IEC) and Mainstreaming

Information, education and communication (IEC) combines strategies, approaches and methods that enable individuals, families, groups, organisations and communities to play active roles in achieving, protecting and sustaining their own health. Embodied in IEC is the process of learning that empowers people to make informed decisions, modify behaviours and change social conditions through increased levels of awareness.

The IEC activities are carried out through a variety of vehicles in the channels of mass media, outdoor media, mid media, interpersonal communication. The activities can be broadly categorised into awareness generation, counselling, trainings and advocacy.

Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS is a process which enables development actors to strengthen the way in which they address the causes and consequences of HIV/AIDS, through adapting and improving both their existing work and their workplace practices.

Twenty years of the AIDS pandemic has given us ample evidence of the two-way relationship between development and HIV/AIDS: development gaps increase people’s susceptibility to HIV transmission1 and their vulnerability to the impacts of AIDS; inversely, the epidemic hampers or even reverses development progress.

The growing understanding of this connection between AIDS and development has led to the realisation that, in addition to having programmes that specifically address HIV/AIDS, we need to strengthen the way in which development efforts address both the causes and consequences of the epidemic. The process through which to achieve this is called ‘mainstreaming HIV and AIDS’. It aims to adapt and improve development practice, so as to enhance its contribution to the fight against HIV/AIDS, and to protect development progress in an era of AIDS.