HIV Symptoms – Cause, Infection, Stages, Treatment

“The human immunodeficiency virus” (HIV) is responsible for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a chronic and occasionally deadly illness that affects the immune system. Here we will know what HIV is & what the HIV Symptoms are? HIV harms your body’s capacity to fight infection and illness by destroying your immune system.

HIV Symptoms

It is important to note that the Symptoms & of AIDS differ depending on the stage of the infection. Some patients infected with HIV Symptoms have a flu-like sickness within 2 to 4 weeks of the virus entering their bodies. This is known as primary infection this disease, which is referred to as primary HIV infection, can linger for a few weeks.

The following are examples of possible signs and HIV symptoms: 

  • Fever or natural illness
  • A sore throat 
  • Headache
  • Rash
  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of weight
  • severe mouth sores 
  • Aches & pains – muscles and joints
  • Excessive sweating at night
  • Swollen lymph glands, which are mainly found on the neck

These HIV symptoms can become so minor that you may not be conscious that you are feeling them. The percentage of virus in your blood (viral load) is, on the other hand, quite large at this time. HIV Symptoms is a sexually transmitted illness that affects both men & women. It can also be transferred by contact with contaminated blood and through the use of illegal injectable drugs or the sharing of needles. It can also be passed from mother to kid during pregnancy, delivery, or nursing. This might take many years until HIV damages your immune system which causes you to get AIDS if you do not seek treatment.

There’s no cure for HIV Symptoms, but drugs can manage the infection and prevent the development of the illness. AIDS mortality has decreased over the world due to antiviral medications, and international organizations are trying to expand the availability of prevention and treatment in resource-poor nations. As an outcome, the illness spreads more readily during the primary infection stage than during the following phase.

Chronic HIV Symptoms – Clinical latent infection

HIV is still present in the body and white blood cells at this phase of infection. Many people, however, may not experience any HIV symptoms or illnesses during this interval. This period can extend for years if you aren’t on antiretroviral medication (ART). In addition, some people get a more severe form of the disease sooner than others.

HIV Symptoms with infection

You may develop minor infections or persistent signs and symptoms as the virus spreads and damages your immune cells – the cells in your body that help fight viruses.

  • Fever or illness
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of weight
  • Pneumonia
  • Shingles 
  • Yeast infection in the mouth (thrush)

HIV Symptoms

Causes of HIV infection

  • HIV is detected in the body fluid of those infected with the virus. Semen, vaginal and anal fluids, and blood and breast milk, fall into this category.
  • 2 to 6 weeks after HIV infection, most persons suffer from a brief flu-like sickness that lasts for a week or two at a time. 
  • After these symptoms have subsided, HIV may not manifest itself for several years, even though the virus continues to harm your immune system.
  • As a result, many HIV-positive individuals are unaware that they are infected. Anyone who has a suspicion that they may be infected with HIV should be tested. 
  • Some people are advised to get frequent testing because they are very high risk of developing certain diseases.
  • It is a weak virus that cannot live for lengthy periods outside the body. HIV cannot be spread through the sweat, urine, or saliva of an infected person. 
  • In the United Kingdom, the most prevalent way to get HIV is through anal or vaginal intercourse without using a condom.
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HIV Symptoms can also be spread by

  • Sharing needles, syringes, and other injecting equipment is not good.
  • During pregnancy, delivery, or nursing, transmission from mother to infant.

The chance of transmitting HIV through oral sex is exceptionally low. It depends on various circumstances, like whether you receive or provide oral sex and the oral hygiene of the person doing the oral sex.

How do HIV Symptoms Spread in the Human Body?

Infected blood, sperm, and vaginal secretions must penetrate your body to transmit HIV. It can happen in numerous diverse ways:

  • Having sexual relations with a person – The risk of infection increases if you have vaginal, anal, or oral contact with an infected partner and the virus is transmitted by their blood, sperm, or vaginal fluids to you.
  • By exchanging needles, for example – Sharing contaminated injectable drug paraphernalia (needles and syringes) increases your chance of contracting HIV and other infectious illnesses like hepatitis.
  • Blood transfusions are also cause – The virus can be spread through blood transfusions in rare situations. Hospitals and blood banks screen the blood supply for HIV; thus, the danger is quite low. However, low-income countries may be in greater danger since they cannot check all donated blood.
  • During pregnancy, childbirth, or nursing – Mothers who are infected can transmit the virus to their children. However, HIV-positive mothers who get treatment for the illness during pregnancy can dramatically reduce the danger to their unborn children.

How HIV Symptoms Don’t spread? 

HIV infection cannot be transmitted through normal interaction. This implies you can’t get HIV & AIDS from somebody who has it by hugging, kissing, dancing, or shaking hands with them. Likewise, the transmission of HIV cannot occur through the air, water, or by insect bites.

Recognizing the clinical Symptoms may help you be properly diagnosed earlier. Therefore, symptoms should never be the sole basis for a test.

If you believe you’ve been exposed to HIV at any point in the past or present, see your doctor and ask to get tested. Since there are medicines available today that can assist you in living a long and healthy lifestyle, the Guidelines suggest HIV Symptoms transmission as part of regular medical care for everyone aged 18 – 64.

You are not only protecting your long-term well-being, as well as the health of others around you.

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